A baseline is the value of a result indicator at the beginning of the programming period (for example, the number of start-ups in that year for a priority that intends to drive up the number of start-ups in a region). Each result indicator requires a baseline value (art. 6, ERDF regulation, art. 5, CF regulation; art. 16, ETC regulation).

Tags : Result indicator, Output indicator, Target value


Systems for integrated management of the building's technological functions, called BEMS/BACS (Building Energy Management System/Building Automation and Control System), are computerized control systems which use both software and hardware, to monitor, regulate and control the mechanical and electrical plants to manage the use of energy within a building.

The energy services managed by BEMS are: winter and summer air-conditioning, mechanical and/or natural ventilation, domestic hot sanitary water production and artificial and/or natural lighting.

Tags : Building Energy Management Systems

Benchmarking study

Benchmarking is a measurement of the quality of an organisation’s policies, products, programmes, strategies, etc., and their comparison with standard measurements, or similar measurements of its peers. The benchmarking process includes the identification of best practices and comparison of the results with those of the studied targets. The objectives of benchmarking study are (1) to determine what and where improvements are called for, (2) to analyse how other organisations achieve their high performance levels, and (3) to use this information to improve performance.

Tags : Comparative analysis